You heard the traveler’s tales, you followed the crumbling maps, and now, after a long and dangerous quest, you have some good news and some bad news. The good news is you’ve managed to locate

the legendary dungeon containing the stash

of ancient Stygian coins and the eccentric wizard

who owns the castle has even generously

agreed to let you have them. The bad news is that he’s not

quite as generous about letting you leave the dungeon,

unless you solve his puzzle. The task sounds simple enough. Both faces of each coin bear

the fearsome scorpion crest, one in silver, one in gold. And all you have to do is separate them

into two piles so that each has the same number

of coins facing silver side up. You’re about to begin when all

of the torches suddenly blow out and you’re left in total darkness. There are hundreds

of coins in front of you and each one feels the same on both sides. You try to remember

where the silver-facing coins were, but it’s hopeless. You’ve lost track. But you do know one thing for certain. When there was still light, you counted exactly

20 silver-side-up coins in the pile. What can you do? Are you doomed to remain in the dungeon

with your newfound treasure forever? You’re tempted to kick the pile of coins and curse the curiosity

that brought you here. But at the last moment, you stop yourself. You just realized there’s

a surprisingly easy solution. What is it? Pause here if you want to figure

it out for yourself. Answer in: 3 Answer in: 2 Answer in: 1 You carefully move aside 20 coins

one by one. It doesn’t matter which ones:

any coins will do, and then flip each one of them over. That’s all there is to it. Why does such a simple solution work? Well, it doesn’t matter how many

coins there are to start with. What matters is that only 20

of the total are facing silver side up. When you take 20 coins in the darkness, you have no way of knowing how many

of these silver-facing coins have ended up in your new pile. But let’s suppose you got 7 of them. This means that there are 13

silver-facing coins left in the original pile. It also means that the other

13 coins in your new pile are facing gold side up. So what happens when you flip

all of the coins in the new pile over? Seven gold-facing coins and

13 silver-facing coins to match the ones in the original pile. It turns out this works no matter how

many of the silver-facing coins you grab, whether it’s all of them,

a few, or none at all. That’s because of what’s known

as complementary events. We know that each coin only has

two possible options. If it’s not facing silver side up,

it must be gold side up, and vice versa, and in any combination of 20 coins, the number of gold-facing

and silver-facing coins must add up to 20. We can prove this mathematically

using algebra. The number of silver-facing coins

remaining in the original pile will always be 20 minus

however many you moved to the new pile. And since your new pile also

has a total of 20 coins, its number of gold-facing coins will be 20 minus the amount of

silver-facing coins you moved. When all the coins in the new pile

are flipped, these gold-facing coins become

silver-facing coins, so now the number of silver-facing

coins in both piles is the same. The gate swings open

and you hurry away with your treasure before the wizard changes his mind. At the next crossroads, you flip

one of your hard-earned coins to determine the way

to your next adventure. But before you go, we have another

quick coin riddle for you – one that comes from this video

sponsor’s excellent website. Here we have 8 arrangements of coins. You can flip over adjacent pairs of coins

as many times as you like. A flip always changes gold to silver,

and silver to gold. Can you figure out how to tell,

at a glance, which arrangements can be made all gold? You can try an interactive version of

this puzzle and confirm your solution on Brilliant’s website. We love Brilliant.org because the site

gives you tools to approach problem-solving in

one of our favorite ways— by breaking puzzles into smaller pieces

or limited cases, and working your way up from there. This way, you’re building up a

framework for problem solving, instead of just memorizing formulas. You can sign up for Brilliant for free,

and if you like riddles a Brilliant.org premium membership

will get you access to countless more interactive puzzles. Try it out today by visiting

brilliant.org/TedEd and use that link so they know

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The major hint is at 1:44

6th point. First sentence.

Who counts how many silver coins are upright

Ok it said you were and explorer WHAT FRICKIN GENIUS MATH DUDE IS AN EXPLORER?!?!

I tried it for a minute and got 4.

if your can't see the coin surfaces, who is to say you can even see the coins? and what happens if you knock them over?

For the bonus riddle, think about parity! The possible arrangements are those where you have an even number of silver coins!

What if you picked up 20 silver coins? When you flipped it over you would have 20 gold coins, they would all be facing gold

I thought being in total darkness then WAITING for your eyes to adjust should work?

Hold up.

You bothered to remember there's 20 silver coins.

Not where they were, though?

Can you taste the difference between silver and gold?

For the final riddle, you have to have an odd # of gold coins to be able to flip them to all gold. Including the #'s 1 and 3. If any of the 3 coin piles start with an odd # of silver coins, it wont be possible. This includes starting with 3 coins facing silver up and 1 coin facing silver up. This means that 4 out of the 8 3-coin piles are able to be turned to all gold solutions

This one is easy

If you're left in total darkness how do you not accidentally knock over any coins?

Plot twist, there’s an odd number of coins

Actually, it's surprisingly simple.

This is one of the best riddles ever

When they said lights went out, I was like I knew they'd do this in one riddle at least.

oh i get it

The real question is:

Why are your maps crumbling?

Michael just did this in his recent D.O.N.G.

the solution to the bonus riddle:

if the number of silver coins is even then you can do it every time without fail no matter how many coins there are:

consider this case:

S G S G S S

flip last two

S G S G G G

first two

G S S G G G

2nd and 3rd

G G G G G G

I solved this in like 5 seconds thanks to D!NG (Another Vsauce alt)

You get a bonus riddle… if you look at our weirdly persistent sponsor

"You just realized there's a surprisingly easy solution"

Of course!!

Keep watching the video

If you’re in total darkness then how can you even tell where the coins are to flip them?

So all you have to do is pick out 20 coins and flip them

I would just give up and die.

step 1: confirm you have green eyes

step 2: ask the wizard to leave

It's not that I cannot solve the puzzle. The real problem is understanding it.

I knew this one! Thank you Michael (D!NG)

Ha!! I've learned this with D!NG with michael

It's easy! I know a trick, and I learned it from "Hacking the System"!

Close 1 (either left or right) eye for at least 30 minutes, after, open that eye and close the opposing eye. You will aquire night vision after this! Then proceed to wreck the so called 'Wizard' with this trick and leave with a glorious win!

Answer is 4

There is a way I have found out, but a little more difficult. Stand the coins up on its side. Since gold is more dense than silver, it’s side is more massive, assuming that the silver and gold go right down the middle of the coins in equal volumes. That means when you put the coin up on its side, it will always land gold side down and silver side up.

I knew this from a magic trick using 10 or 20 cards, lets say 10. 5 would be face up and a spectator would shuffle without flipping cards, give it to you without looking, put it behind your back, count out 5 and flip that, now both decks have the same amount of face up and down

All those old ghosts and kings… are they bored? Why do

WEhave to solve their riddles?The real riddle is: How did I remember seeing 20 silver-up coins, when clearly I was occupied with other studd?

Flip the silver coin

You can bite the coins to see if it's the gold side

'There is a surprisingly easy solution' pulls out quantum physics bs

For the ending riddle you don’t even need “brilliant”.org. It’s if it has an odd number of gold side up. (Or an even number of silver side up.)

Alternate simply place coin on edge it falls on the gold now. All coins silver side up it can be assumed as it wasn't in the rules origionally that this method of testing is allowed they simply all can't be in piles on edges but must be decidedly chosen by end

not mathematical but just as good a solution

wow finally got one right! woohoo

Hold up, if you grab 20 of the coins and they all turn out to be gold; then you fillip them and they are all silver, almost definitely there will be at least another silver coin face up still in the pile you did not touch. Can someone please explain?

what if the first 20 coins are all silver….then after he flips,all the coins are showing gold at the top….. please explain

Anyone else's guess was to taste te coins with your tongue? As silver has a defined taste…

Was bout to say flip all the coins and split the pile but there is a slight chance u will be stuck in the dungeon

Real solution: Kick the coins and hope 20 coins flip up.

If I manage to not pick up any silver facing coins (so there’s still 20 left) then I flip that pile. I would have 40 coins left not 20

I understood……

Nothing! How can we solve this Riddle??? And, can't I just use a flashlight?

I actually solved the riddle XD

Wait if you’re in total darkness how did you know where the coins were??!!

Let your eyes adjust.

I can almost never solve these Ted riddles without help lol

No

I thought you were supposed to end up with 20 coins. Not so. Well, I want my money back!

Wow I actually got this one

Just say no u then the wizard won’t know what to do so then he will just give up

What if the coins's sides are of the same color?

Or you could bring a match box

Walks

Falls into a horizontal hole

TED-ED physics

Just flip all of the coins.

Top right, middle upper left, and the bottom two can be all gold.

Bonus answer.

Parity(either odd or evenl of gold never change. So we need odd number gold coins.

I got it! The German stole the fish!

Haha! I got this one!

I saw Micheals Math Magic episode before I saw this so ik the answer HAHAHAHAH you cant stop the big mike

Easy, get your phone out a put the flashlight on. You can see with that.

Edit: If he doesn't have a phone, okay. If someone else did this, we got the same idea.

Mind o-fish-ally blown

C n me engana tu é brasileiro

Any arrangement with an even amount of silver.

Wizard: NOW LIGHTS OUT!

( torches blow out )

Wizard: Turn them back on I can’t see anything.

( torches light up )

Wizard: You have to wait until I’m like out of the hallway. It’s a figure of speech.

Like if you get it. If you don’t it’s from Muppets: Most Wanted, great movie go see it

3:08

He shouldn’t be interested in gold

He should be interested in magic tricks

If #of gold is odd, can be made all gold

There could be a 100 coins in the cave and 99 won’t save you, you just need 1 to believe in you

B

There’s a simple solution just ask the wizard to light the torches back up and do it

It just needs to be an even number lol

What if they were silver side up to begin with? If you flip them over, then you'd have more gold up.

Next time, bring a flashlight

Lick em

TED-ED: pause the video to figure it out yourself Me: NOPE!! no way am i figuring this out

4:00 I choose Mordor

That’s why take a LED torch at all times in expedition

Left bottom one

1:08

i go back to 0:57 and pause it to memorize the coins

not so smart now eh

Twist : You being a torch

he is ROCKING that unibrow though

Easy, get better memory.

Of course there's a puzzle.

@Ted_ed what if you happened to pick up all the silver coins facing up and proceeded to flip them over, wouldn’t that leave you with 0 silver coins?

I say half it so u have tow piles of 50 coins half it again now u have 4 piles worth 25 add 1, 3 and 2, 4

1 use a lantern

2 problem solved

I tought remember where the silver and flip 10 so it's 5

(Never said how many silver coins equal)

hundreds of coins…all in piles….somehow you know there is EXACTLY 20 silver coins?….not a single one more? this whole riddle needs to be re-written

I would punch all sides of the coins one by one e touched for recognize gold

This guy is an adventurer right he must have a flashlight XD

cut it into two even piles but put all the coins in burrito style roll

My solution was, remove all the coins 1 by 1, make sure none is stacked

Since the number of silver coins is even, when the light comes on, just draw a line separating the piles with 10 silver coins on each side.